Acne affects teenagers almost universally. While most cases will resolve over time, some acne may leave severe physical and psychological scars. Fortunately there is a wide range of treatment options, and acne of any severity can be effectively managed and usually cured. Poorly managed acne may produce problems that last a lifetime
Are there different types of acne?
Dermatologists define a variety of types of acne lesions. Identify the type of acne and whether it is scarring is very important to select the appropriate management. Types include:
- comedones- both open and closed
- papules (red bumps) and pustules
- nodules (deep lumps)
- scars, excoriations and pigment marks
Can acne be associated with other problems?
Sometimes there may be a more complex problem. Special treatment will be needed if there is coexisting:
- polycystic ovary syndrome
this is a relatively common hormone imbalance seen in females pausing irregular periods, acne and sometimes hirsuitism (excessive hair growth on the face) it is important to diagnose and treat this.
- Excessive excoriation (scratching of acne spots}
- eczema related to irritation from topical acne products or overwashing
- rosacea, fungal infection or other skin problems
A dermatologist is most qualified to diagnose and successfully treat these more complex cases.